Introduction to Taotie
Taotie is a mysterious creature in Chinese mythology. Its name translates to “gluttonous ogre” and is often associated with insatiable greed. Taotie’s depiction is primarily found on ritual bronze vessels from the Shang and Zhou dynasties, where it is characterized by a symmetrical, zoomorphic face, often without a lower jaw.
2. Historical Context
Origin and Evolution: The origins of Taotie remain unclear, but it is thought to have evolved from earlier totemic symbols.
In the water, there is a beast called 蠱雕 (Gu diao). Its shape is like a eagle, and it has a horn on its head. Its sound is like a crying baby, and it eats people.
Zhuru(朱獳) is a mythical beast that lives in the mountains. It looks like a fox with fins like a fish. Its cry sounds like it is calling its own name. Wherever it appears in a country, that country will experience something that causes fear.
狍鴞(Paoxiao) is shaped like a sheep with a human face. Its eyes are under its armpits. It has tiger teeth and human claws. Its cry is like that of a baby, and it eats people.
Fox body, with nine tails, eats humans, appears in Qingqiu Mountain
Shanhui(山[犭軍]) lives in the mountains. It’s shaped like a dog with a human face，skilled in throwing objects and laughs when it sees people. It moves as fast as the wind. Whenever it appears, the world will be filled with strong winds.