Spring Emperor Pao Xi/春皇庖牺

Discover the mystical birth of Pao Xi, his transformation of ancient society, and the dawn of a new era in celestial harmony.

The Spring Emperor was an alias for Paoxi, and the country he established included the land of Huaxu clan. One day, Paoxi’s mother was visiting that land, and a green rainbow descended from the sky, surrounding her for a long time before disappearing. Soon after, she became pregnant and gave birth to Paoxi twelve years later. When Paoxi was born, he had a long head with narrow eyes, teeth like a tortoise, lips like a dragon, white hair on his eyebrows, and a long beard that dragged on the ground. Some say that Jupiter completes its orbit in twelve years, and Paoxi’s birth coincided with the celestial cycle. It is said that the birth of a sage is always accompanied by auspicious signs. In ancient times, the Human Emperor had nine serpent heads and a snake’s body, which began when Pangu separated the heavens and earth. When the Human Emperor was born, the light from the sun and moon formed an auspicious halo, and the high mountains shone brilliantly, while the sea was calm. Since then, the world has changed, and the course of history has shifted countless times. Comparing Paoxi’s virtues to those of ancient sages, his moral excellence surpassed that of previous saintly kings. The rites, laws, and moral principles, as well as the systems of rituals and music, began to flourish during his time.

Leaving their primitive habitat, which was damp, low-lying, and infested with insects and snakes, they changed their diet from eating raw meat, and blood to cooked food. They established rituals and education, guiding people to possess cultural virtues, craft weapons, and strengthen military capabilities. They fitted mulberry wood with silk strings to create the se, and they harmonized clay to make the xun. It was during this time that rites and music began to flourish. They harmonized the winds from all directions, drew the Eight Trigrams, deciphered the Six Yao, and determined the worship of six deities. At that time, there was no written language. Paoxi used the sky as a reference and the earth as a model. He observed the natural phenomena of the five elements—metal, wood, water, fire, and earth— to determine the standards for the length of shadows, enabling tribal leaders to conduct numerous ritual activities. They surveyed the topography of the land, determining mountains, rivers, and other geographical features, and established societal norms for matters like marriage, enhancing the orderliness of human society.

The character “庖” means to encompass or include everything or all phenomena. He offered sacrifices to various gods, and the ancient people believed in his virtue, so he was called Paoxi, also known as Fuxi. Paoxi transformed the primitive and ignorant nature of the ancient people and educated them with beautiful and profound teachings, which is why he is also called Mixi. Fuxi spread the highest moral principles throughout the world, and the common people all respected him. Paoxi was known as the King of Wood Virtue, which is why he was called the Spring Emperor. His wisdom shone throughout the world, and he was known as Taihao, which means brightness. Paoxi was situated in the east, where his virtue nurtured and revitalized all things, in harmony with the virtue of wood. His music resonated with the “jue” note among the Five Tones and was known as the Wood Emperor.


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